barabar cave

INDIA’S oldest surviving rock cut caves

photo documentation

barabar cave

HILLS OF  BARABAR


The hills of Barabar located in Makhdumpur Block of Jehanabad district, Bihar, India, 24 km north of Gaya. Land scape is similar to Hampi and vegetation is dry.

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ROCK CUTS


Area surrounded by massive rocks and some of them having rock cut of stupas. Some of them having sculptures of human postures.

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Some rocks carved with steps for better grip on sloppy stones specifically near cave area.

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Barabar Caves


The Barabar Caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, mostly dating from the Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE), some with Ashokan inscriptions, located in Makhdumpur Block of Jehanabad district, Bihar, India, 24 km north of Gaya.

These caves are situated in the twin hills of Barabar (four caves) and Nagarjuni (three caves) – caves of the 1.6 km distant Nagarjuni Hill sometimes are singled out as Nagarjuni Caves. These rock-cut chambers date back to the 3rd century BCE, Maurya period, of Ashoka (r. 273–232 BCE) and his grandson Dasharatha Maurya.

CAVE OF LOMAS RISHI dscf6187dscf6186dscf6189dscf6190

Most caves at Barabar consist of two chambers, carved entirely out of granite, with a highly polished internal surface and exciting echo effect. The first chamber was meant for worshippers to congregate in a large rectangular hall, and the second, a small, circular, domed chamber for worship, this inner chamber probably had a small stupa like structure, at some point, though they are now empty.

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